According to abbreviationfinder, IAEA stands for International Atomic Energy Agency. It belongs to the international organizations related to the United Nations system . Its purpose is to accelerate and increase the contribution of atomic energy for peace, health and prosperity throughout the world.
This body began to function in Vienna on July 29, 1957 and in November of the same year the General Assembly approved an agreement on the IAEA’s relationship with the UN, in which its member states and partners throughout the world accelerate and increase the contribution of nuclear sciences and technologies to peace and the social and economic well-being of humanity.
The IAEA Secretariat is based at the Vienna International Center, in Vienna, Austria. Regional offices are located in Geneva, Switzerland, New York, Toronto, USA, Canada, and Tokyo, Japan. The IAEA runs or supports research centers and scientific laboratories in Seibersdorf and Vienna, Austria, Monaco, and Trieste, Italy.
The IAEA Secretariat is a multidisciplinary team of 2,200 professionals and support staff from more than 90 countries. The Agency is led by Director General Yukiya Amano (died 2019) and six Deputy Directors General who head the main departments.
The IAEA’s programs and budgets are set through decisions of its policy-making bodies – the 35-member Board of Governors and the General Conference of all member states. Reports on the activities of the IAEA are sent periodically or as cases of order to the UN Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly.
The IAEA is guided by the interests and needs of the member states, the strategic plans and the vision included in the IAEA Statute.
- Encourage the exchange of scientific and technical information on nuclear energy.
- Inspect the application of nuclear safeguards and verification measures of nuclear programs for civil uses, through 200 inspectors deployed in more than 1,000 facilities and in other places included in the IAEA Safeguards Program.
- Promote the transmission of theoretical and practical knowledge so that countries can safely and effectively execute their atomic energy programs.
- Formulate basic safety standards for radiation protection.
- Publish regulations and codes of practice on certain types of operations, including the transport of radioactive material.
Contribute to the sustainable development of member states through the peaceful use of nuclear technology.
Relationship with the United Nations
As an independent international organization related to the United Nations system, the IAEA’s relationship with the UN is regulated by special agreement. In terms of its statute, the IAEA reports annually to the UN General Assembly and, where appropriate, to the Security Council on non-compliance by States with their safeguards obligations, as well as on issues related to the international peace and security.
Collaboration with Cuba
Cuba has been a member state of the IAEA since 1957. In the country, the strategy related to nuclear applications is contained in the so-called Nuclear Branch Program and among its strategic objectives are:
- Contribute to the economic and social development of the country based on the specific applications of nuclear technologies.
- Stimulate the integration of nuclear technologies with others to increase the economic and social impact of their application.
- Develop basic research that supports the development of the country’s strategic lines and nuclear science and technology itself.
The Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (CITMA) through the Agency for Nuclear Energy and Advanced Energies AEN-TA performs technical cooperation with the IAEA. This cooperation takes the form of:
- National Projects: These are those projects that are carried out in Cuba in cooperation with the IAEA and have as their objective the solution of a national priority through the application of nuclear techniques. Being the main components of the project to achieve the objectives, the supply of equipment and supplies, improvement of specialists through scholarships and scientific visits and advice through expert visits, all these components are linked to the proposed theme.
National Projects 2009 – 2011
- Production of therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals for clinical applications for the treatment of cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Strengthening of the State Control of chemical residues and pollutants in the products of the fishing industry.
- Introduction of radioimmunotherapy for the treatment of patients with Non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
- Evaluation of air pollution as support for decisions in energy development policy.
- Application of Irradiation Technology for the improvement of Health.
- Regional Projects: These are those projects that are executed in the Latin American and Caribbean region on a topic proposed by the IAEA in cooperation with the IAEA that have as their objective the solution of regional priorities through the application of nuclear techniques.
- Interregional Projects: Are those projects that are carried out in different geographical regions on a topic proposed by the IAEA in cooperation with the IAEA that have as their objective the solution of interregional priorities through the application of nuclear techniques.
- Specialist Training Project: It is the project that is carried out in Cuba in cooperation with the IAEA to improve specialists in the application of nuclear techniques through the presentation of scholarships, scientific visits and requests for expert missions.