According to DigoPaul, shared responsibility is known as co- responsibility. This means that said responsibility is common to two or more people, who share an obligation or commitment.
For example: “The Government referred to the co-responsibility of employers and unions in this situation”, “For Justice, the co-responsibility of the doctor in the death of the singer is already proven”, “Eliminating poverty implies co-responsibility for all members of society”.
Co-responsibility supposes that two or more people share an obligation or a commitment.
What is responsibility
To understand the notion of co-responsibility, we must first know the concept of responsibility. This term refers to an obligation or moral charge resulting from a possible mistake made in a certain matter.
Responsibility is associated with the existing capacity in the active subject of law to understand the consequences of their actions, from which the obligation to satisfy and repair a fault arises. When it is understood that the obligation falls to more than one individual, we speak of co- responsibility.
Co-responsibility in a crime
Take the case of a murder. If the planning and execution of the crime were carried out by a single person, he or she will be responsible for the crime. On the other hand, if the idea and the realization were planned by two people, both have co-responsibility in the crime.
Justice must determine, when the time comes, if the degree of responsibility of the two murderers is the same.
There are different types of co-responsibility.
Classification according to type
It should be emphasized that there are various types of co-responsibility, especially the following:
- Tax co-responsibility. Under this denomination is the responsibility that, by establishing a certain policy measure of a tax nature, is granted to some holders and that they are obliged to carry out. In the case of a country, this term can be used to refer to the shared responsibility of the central government and the regional or federal governments in matters of tax and collection power.
• Parental co-responsibility. As its name indicates, this is the one that dictates that both the father and the mother have the same responsibility for the development, education, well-being or health of their children. It is a term that, in some nations, has appeared recently because we live in a society in which, as a general rule, the role of the father and the mother have been more equalized. They both work outside the home and take care of their little ones, so they must have the same responsibilities in this regard.
• Family co-responsibility. This other modality is the one that indicates that it is necessary, essential and fundamental for all the members of the same family to share tasks within the home. And it is that, given the complicated agendas of all the members of that, it is vital that each one contribute their grain of sand to improve the quality of life of the group. To achieve it, it is necessary for everyone to be responsible, constant and capable of involvement.
Co – responsibility can be more abstract and involve the whole of society. Certain social scourges, such as homelessness or marginality, are the responsibility of all members of a community, since each subject should have an obligation to others.