Texas

Texas (English: Texas) is a state in the south of the USA. Takes the 2nd place in terms of area (after Alaska) and population (after California). It is one of the centers of agriculture, animal husbandry, education, as well as the oil and chemical industries of the United States.

Geography

Texas is located in the south of the USA on the border with Mexico. It also borders the states of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana. Has access to the Gulf of Mexico.

The capital of the state is the city of Austin. There are 22 agglomerations and 2 megacities on the territory of the state. The largest cities are Houston, Dallas and San Antonio, Arlington, Corpus Christi.

Judicial system

The state of Texas has a complex judicial structure, divided into 5 broad levels: supreme courts of appeals, intermediate courts of appeals, state courts of first instance, district courts, and local courts of first instance.

In 2018, the crime rate in the state decreased by 5.4% compared to 2017.

Famous people

  • Jennifer Love Hewitt
  • Renee Zellweger
  • Selena Quintanilla-Perez
  • Charles Johnson
  • Katherine Ann Porter
  • Selena Gomez
  • Nelson(1933-) – country musician
  • Lance Armstrong

Dallas, Texas

Dallas
City in the United States
Location
State Texas
County Dallas County
Coordinates 32°46’45″N, 96°48’32″WL
General
Surface 999.3 km²
– country 881.9 km²
– water 117.4 km²
Residents
(April 1, 2020)
1,304,379
(1479 inhabitant/km²)
– agglomeration 6,731,317 (2010)
Politics
Mayor Eric Johnson (D)
Website dallascityhall.com
Downtown Dallas

According to COUNTRYAAH, Dallas is the third largest city in the state of Texas (after Houston and San Antonio), with a population of 1.2 million in the city itself and 6.1 million in the Dallas – Arlington – Fort Worth metropolitan area. This makes the agglomeration the fourth largest in the United States in terms of population.

History

Dallas was founded in 1841 and is named after Vice President George M. Dallas. John Neely Bryan built a cottage near Trinity River that year and started a ferry service there. His house still stands in downtown Dallas.

On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated while on a driving tour in Dallas, presumably by Lee Harvey Oswald.

On July 7, 2016, 12 police officers were shot in an attack in the city. Five of them did not survive this.

Demographics

Of the population, 8.6% is older than 65 and 32.9% consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 4% (2000 census figures).

About 35.6% of the population of Dallas is Hispanic and Hispanic, 25.9% of African origin and 2.7% of Asian origin.

The population of Dallas increased from 1,006,646 in 1990 to 1,188,580 in 2000.

Media

The Dallas Morning News is the only major newspaper in the Dallas area. The newspaper has around half a million subscribers, making it one of the top twenty in the United States.

Museums

  • Dallas Museum of Art
  • Nasher Sculpture Center
  • The Dallas Center for Contemporary Art
  • The Trammel & Margaret Crow Collection of Asian Art

Sights

  • Sixth Floor Museum in the Dallas County Administration Building (formerly Texas School Book Depository), from this building Lee Harvey Oswald is said to have shot at John F. Kennedy,
  • Nieman-Marcus, department store chain that originated here,
  • Southfork Ranch, home of the Ewing family from the hit television series Dallas.

Climate

In January the average temperature is 7.0 °C, in July it is 29.9 °C. Annual average precipitation falls 916.4 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Sports

Dallas has three sports clubs that compete in one of the top four American professional sports. It’s about:

  • Dallas Stars (ice hockey)
  • Dallas Mavericks (basketball)
  • Dallas Cowboys (American football)

In addition, football club FC Dallas plays in Major League Soccer.

Dallas was the host city for the 1994 World Cup with the Cotton Bowl stadium.

Trivia

The city became more famous worldwide through the television series of the same name, mainly set in the 1980s, Dallas.

Town twinning

  • Brno (Czech Republic)
  • Dijon (France)
  • Kirkuk (Iraq)
  • Monterrey (Mexico)
  • Riga (Latvia)
  • Saratov (Russia)
  • Sendai (Japan)
  • Taipei (Taiwan)
  • Tianjin, (China)
  • Qingdao, (China)
  • Dalian, (China)
  • Nanjing, (China)
  • Trujillo, (Peru)
  • Taguig City, (Philippines)

Dallas, Texas

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