Oregon (English: Орегон) is a mountainous state in the northwest of the USA, one of the so-called Pacific states. Population 3.641 million people (28th place among states; 2005 data). The capital is Salem, the largest city is Portland. Other major cities are Eugene, Gresham, Beaverton, Medford, Carvallis.

The official nickname is ” Beaver State “.

Judicial system

The Oregon judiciary consists of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, the District Court, the Tax Court, and various courts of first instance and limited jurisdiction. There are 7 supreme court judges, 13 appellate court judges and 137 district court judges working in the state courts of appeals and courts of first instance.

As of September 2019, all seven Supreme Court justices were appointed by a Democratic governor.

Eugene (Oregon)

City in the United States
State Oregon
County Lane County, Oregon
Coordinates 44°3’7″N, 123°5’8″WL
Surface 114.50 km²
– country 114.32 km²
– water 0.18 km²
(April 1, 2000)
(1,206 inhabitant/km²)
View of Eugene

Eugene is a city in the US state of Oregon, in the Pacific Northwest. The city is located in the extreme south of the Willamette Valley, where the McKenzie River flows into the Willamette River. Named after Eugene Skinner, the town is about 50 miles as the crow flies from the Oregon coast and the Pacific Ocean.

The city is the county seat of Lane County and the second largest city in Oregon after Portland. In 2020, the city had 176,654 inhabitants. This makes it the 146th city in the United States (2000). Its surface is 104.8 km², making it the 161st city. In the city is the campus of the University of Oregon, a university with more than twenty thousand students. The small, private Bushnell University also operates in Eugene. The city is Nike ‘s original home base before the company built a new headquarters in the 1980s in the Beaverton area, a suburb of Portland, about 150 miles to the north.


12.1% of the population consists of people over 65 years of age and 31.7% of single -person households. Unemployment is 4.6 % (census figures 2000).

About 5% of Eugene’s population are Hispanics and Hispanics, 1.4% are of African origin and 4.0% of Asian origin.

The population increased from 113,913 in 1990, to 137,893 in 2000, 156,185 in 2010 and 176,654 in 2020.


In January the average temperature is 4.9 °C, in July it is 19.6 °C. Annual average rainfall is 1254.0 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).


Eugene is known as the center of American athletics. The Hayward Field athletics stadium hosts the Prefontaine Classic every year. The 2021 World Championships in Athletics were awarded to Eugene. Due to the rescheduling of the Olympic Games from 2020 to 2021 due to the corona pandemic, the World Cup was moved to July 2022.

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within a radius of 20 km around Eugene.


Coburg (10 km)

Creswell (17 km)

Junction City (20 km)

Springfield (10 miles)

Venice (19 km)

Born in Eugene

  • Tim Hardin (1941-1980), singer/composer
  • Jon Anderson (1949), athlete
  • Mac Wilkins (1950), athlete
  • Danny Ainge (1959), baseball and basketball player
  • James Dutton (1968), astronaut
  • Eric Christian Olsen (1977), actor
  • Aaron Olsen (1978), cyclist
  • Austin O’Brien (1981), actor

Salem, Oregon

City in the United States
State Oregon
County Marion County
Coordinates 44°55’51″N, 123°1’44″WL
Surface 125.48 km²
– country 124.06 km²
– water 1.42 km²
(April 1, 2020)
(1415 inhabitant/km²)
Mayor Chuck Bennett (D)
Website cityofsalem.net
Downtown Salem

Salem is the capital of the US state of Oregon and the capital of Marion County. The name is derived from the Hebrew shalom, which means ‘peace’. In 2000, the city had a population of 136,924.

The Oregon State Capitol in Salem

Like the Dutch city of The Hague, Salem is mainly a city for civil servants. The city is nicknamed ‘Cherry City’, because of the many cherry festivals that are held in the city. The first festival was in 1903.

Salem became the capital of Oregon in 1851 . In 1855 Corvallis was briefly the capital, but in the same year Salem was definitively designated as the capital.


12.4 % of the population is older than 65 and 28.3 % consists of single – person households. Unemployment stands at 5.6% (2000 census figures).

About 14.6% of Salem’s population is Hispanic and Hispanic, 1.3% of African origin and 2.4% of Asian origin.

The population increased from 108,846 in 1990 to 136,924 in 2000.


In January the average temperature is 4.2 °C, in July it is 19.1 °C. An average of 994.7 mm precipitation falls annually (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within a 12 km radius of Salem.


Eola (7 km)

Four Corners (4km)

Hayesville (7 miles)

Emperor (8 km)

Labish Village (11 km)

Gymnast (11 km)

Born in Salem

  • Alfred Gilbert (1884-1961), pole vaulter
  • Gerald Pearson (1905–1987), physicist who developed the first applicable silicon solar cell in the early 1950s
  • David Maves (1937), composer, music educator and percussionist
  • Jim Pepper (1941–1992), jazz saxophonist, flutist and Native American singer
  • Edith Brown Weiss (1942), legal scholar
  • John Zerzan (1943), anarchist, philosopher of anarcho-primitivism and writer
  • Patricia A. McKillip (1948-2022), fantasy and science fiction writer
  • Randall Woodfield (1950), serial killer and pedophile
  • Porter Lowry (1956), botanist
  • Patrick Carman (1966), author of books for young adults and children
  • Justin Kirk (1969), actor
  • Carmella Bing (1981), porn star, actress
  • Ryan Bailey (1989), sprinter

Salem, Oregon