Oklahoma (English: Oklahoma) is a state in the south central part of the USA. Population 3.451 million people (2000). The capital and largest city is Oklahoma City. The name Oklahoma comes from the Indian language Chuckta, in which it means “red people”. The official nickname is the Sooner State.
The area of Oklahoma is 181,196 km² (20th in the USA). In the east, the state borders with Arkansas and Missouri, in the south with Texas, in the west with New Mexico, in the north with Colorado and Kansas.
Before the arrival of Europeans, Indian tribes lived on the territory of Oklahoma – Wichita, Quapa, Caddo and Osage. Spanish expeditions appeared here in the 16th century. Then for some time the territory was contested by Spain and France.
In the 1830s, Oklahoma, which had the status of an Indian Territory, became one of the places where Native people were relocated under the Indian Resettlement Act.
During the Civil War, different Native American tribes supported different sides. In 1861 , many tribes, in particular the Cherokees, Chuckles, and Seminoles, made alliance agreements with the Confederates. After the war, in 1866 , the federal government forced the Indians to make new treaties. A large part of the Indian territory passed to the US government. In 1905 , a project of a separate Indian state of Sequoia was created, but it was not implemented.
Oklahoma was declared a separate state on June 16, 1906. It officially joined the United States on November 16, 1907 , becoming the 46th state.
The Oklahoma court system consists of the Supreme Court, the Court of Criminal Appeals, the Court of Civil Appeals, and 77 district courts. Administrative services for the court system are provided by the Administrative Office of the Courts. Unlike most states, Oklahoma has two courts of last resort. The Supreme Court hears all civil matters and the Oklahoma Court of Appeals hears all criminal cases.
In 2018, 210 murders were reported in the state. This is 14.6% less than in 2017. But this is only 0.2% of all reported crimes.
The basis of Oklahoma’s economy is the development of oil and gas fields, as well as agriculture and the food industry.
- McIntyre(1955 —) is an American country singer, songwriter, producer and actress
- Patti Page
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
|City in the United States
(April 1, 2020)
||David Holt (R)
According to COUNTRYAAH, Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the US state of Oklahoma and the capital of Oklahoma County. The city has 528,042 inhabitants and 1.3 million inhabitants within the metropolitan area (2003). Oklahoma City has an airport called Will Rogers Airport.
Oklahoma City is located in the middle of the state of Oklahoma. The area of the city is 1608.8 km², of which 1572.1 km² is land and 36.7 km² is water surface.
The city was founded on April 22, 1889, when the government symbolically cleared the Indian Territory for colonization with a starting gun. The settlers thronged around this place and that evening a “city” of tents had already sprung up, with nervous settlers keeping watch for fear that others would take “their” land. The Lucky Luke album The Trek to Oklahoma chronicles this event, in which Lucky Luke is tasked with keeping a watchful eye and preventing anarchy. The ending is different in the comic album than in reality.
The inventor of the parking meter, Carl Magee, is from here. Oklahoma City was also the first place where the parking meter was introduced (July 16, 1935).
On April 19, 1995, the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building became the target of a major terrorist attack that killed 167 people.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 1608.8 km² of which 1572.1 km² is land and 36.7 km² is water. The total area is 2.28% water. Oklahoma City is located in Frontier Country, Central Oklahoma, in the Great Plains of North America. Contrary to popular belief, the area is not flat and treeless, but there are many hills, which are covered by low trees, shrubs and grass.
The city is bisected by the North Canadian River. This river flooded once every year, causing destruction in surrounding areas, including the Oklahoma City Zoo. In the 1940s, the Civilian Conservation Corps dammed the river and converted it into a wide ditch. In the 1990s, as part of an incentive project, MAPS, the city built several layers of dams that allowed more water into the river. The city also has three large lakes, Hefnermeer and Overholsermeer in the north and the largest lake, Stanley Drapermeer, in the southeast.
In January the average temperature is 2.2 °C, in July it is 27.8 °C. There is an average annual rainfall of 847.3 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).
11.5% of the population is older than 65 and 30.7% consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 2.7 % (2000 census figures).
About 10.1 percent of Oklahoma City’s population is Hispanic and Hispanic, 15.4% of African descent and 3.5% of Asian descent.
The population increased from 444,605 in 1990 to 506,132 in 2000.
Oklahoma City Thunder Basketball Club is the only Oklahoma City sports club that plays in one of the four largest American sports leagues (Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Basketball Association (NBA), the National Football League (NFL) and the National Hockey League (NHL).
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