New Mexico

New Mexico (English: New Mexico, Spanish: Nuevo México, Spanish: Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwest of the United States of America. With more than 2 million inhabitants, it is the 36th most populous state, and with an area of ​​314,900 km², it is the fifth largest in area and fifth most densely populated among all 50 states. One of the Mountain States and one of the Four Corners states (along with Utah, Colorado andArizona). The capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, and the largest city is Albuquerque. Due to its geographical location, the northern and eastern parts of the state have a colder, alpine climate, and the southern and western parts have a warmer, arid climate.

The economy of New Mexico is based on the production of oil and other minerals, rainfed agriculture, livestock, forestry and retail trade. As of 2016, the state’s gross domestic product (GDP) is over $93 billion (37th among states), and per capita GDP is $41,559 (39th among states).


In the north, New Mexico borders Colorado, the border runs along the 37th parallel of north latitude. In the east – with Oklahoma along the meridian of 103° west longitude and Texas, in the south – with Texas and the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora, in the west – with Arizona along the longitude of 109° 03′ west longitude.

The state’s landscape is diverse, from vast deserts and rugged lava fields to towering snow-capped mountain peaks. The San Juan and Sangre de Cristo ranges of the Rocky Mountains pass through the central part of the state. The Colorado Plateau is located in the west, the Great Plains and the Lana Estacada Plateau are in the east. The main rivers of the state are the Rio Grande and its tributary the Pecos.

Administrative division

The territory of the state is divided into 33 counties.

Judicial system

The New Mexico court system includes the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, 13 district courts, one capital court, 54 magistrates’ courts, one probate court, and 81 municipal courts.

The state supreme court consists of five judges and is located in Santa Fe. It is the court of last instance that exercises control over all lower courts and attorneys licensed in the state. This court also exercises mandatory appellate jurisdiction over criminal cases punishable by life imprisonment or the death penalty. A total of 311 judges preside over state courts.

In 2018, the budget of the judiciary was $6,082,200. This is only 2.63% of the total operating budget of the state.


According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2003 the GDP of the state was $57 billion. There are agricultural enterprises here, and irrigation is developed. A significant role of tourism and the service sector.

Albuquerque, New Mexico

City in the United States
State New Mexico
County Bernalillo County
Coordinates 35°7’N, 106°37’WL
Surface 489.17 km²
– country 484.81 km²
– water 4.36 km²
(April 1, 2020)
(1164 inhabitant/km²)
Mayor Tim Keller (D)

According to COUNTRYAAH, Albuquerque is the largest city in the US state of New Mexico with a population of 555,417 (2012). This makes it the 32nd city in the United States (2007). Its surface area is 467.6 km², making it the 30th largest city.

Albuquerque is located in the far north of the Chihuahuan Desert on the Rio Grande River. At 1600 meters, it is one of the highest cities in the United States.


Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as Ranchos de Alburquerque, a Spanish colonial outpost on the Camino Real, the old trade route between Santa Fe (New Mexico) and Mexico City. The village was named after the Spanish city of Alburquerque. It was built like a traditional Spanish village, around a central square with a church and surrounded by government buildings. That square has been preserved, as has the San Felipe de Neri Church from 1793, and now forms the center of Old Town, the Old Town. The center of the new town is further south.

The historic highway Route 66 from Chicago to Los Angeles ran through downtown Albuquerque. Now tourists visit the “Route 66”-flagged Central Avenue to try to recapture the atmosphere of the old road with its motels and shops.


12 % of the population is older than 65 and 30.5 % consists of single – person households. Unemployment is 3.1 % (2000 census figures).

About 39.9% of Albuquerque’s population is Hispanic and Hispanic, 3.1% of African origin and 2.2% of Asian origin.

The population increased from 386,988 in 1990 to 448,607 in 2000 and 523,590 in 2007.


In January the average temperature is 1.2 °C, in July it is 25.8 °C. Annual average precipitation is 225.6 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Traffic and Transport

Albuquerque International Sunport Airport provides flights to the rest of the United States and Mexico.

Two Interstate Highways Intersect in Albuquerque

  • Interstate 25 connects Albuquerque north to Denver; south to El Paso (Texas).
  • Interstate 40, connects the city east through Amarillo (Texas), Oklahoma City, Memphis, Nashville to North Carolina; west through Flagstaff (Arizona) to Barstow (California), where the road joins Interstate 15, which continues to San Diego.

Town twinning

  • Alburquerque (Spain), since 2003
  • Ashgabat (Turkmenistan), since 1990
  • Chihuahua (Mexico), since 1970
  • Guadalajara (Mexico), since 1986
  • Helmstedt (Germany), since 1983
  • Hualien (Taiwan), since 1983
  • Lanzhou (China), since 1996
  • Sasebo (Japan), since 1966

Movie history

Albuquerque also includes multimillion- dollar films High School Musical, High School Musical 2 and High School Musical 3: Senior Year. All three of these Disney Channel movies were shot in this city. Some of these movies were also shot in Salt Lake City, but that was only because the Albuquerque school lacked some of the facilities. The television series Breaking Bad and Better Call Saul are also set in this city.

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within 10 miles of Albuquerque.


Carnuel (15 km)

Corrales (14 km)

Los Ranchos de Albuquerque (7 km)

North Valley (7 km)

South Valley (12 km)

Born in Albuquerque

  • Al Unser Sr. (1939-2021), racing driver
  • William Nordhaus (1941), economist and winner of the 2018 Nobel Prize in Economics
  • Sidney Gutierrez (1951), astronaut
  • Jay Roach (1957), film and television director, producer and screenwriter.
  • Al Unser Jr. (1962), racing driver
  • Jeff Bezos (1964), entrepreneur and investor
  • French Stewart (1964), actor
  • Trent Dimas (1970), gymnast
  • Annabeth Gish (1971), actress
  • Neil Patrick Harris (1973), actor
  • Jeremy Barnes (1976), musician
  • Nick Wechsler (1978), actor
  • Diego Sanchez (1981), MMA fighter
  • Ivan Tedesco (1981), motocross racer
  • Carlos Condit (1984), martial artist
  • Demi Lovato (1992), actress and singer
  • Willow Shields (2000), actress

Albuquerque, New Mexico