Missouri

Missouri (English: Missouri) is a state in the Midwest of the United States, the 24th state in the federation. The population is 5,595,211 people (according to this indicator, Missouri ranks 17th in the country; data from 2000). Ethnic composition: Germans — 23.5%, Irish — 12.7%, “Americans” — 10.5%, English — 9.5%, French — 3.5%. The capital is Jefferson City, the largest cities are St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield, Independence. The official nickname is the “show me” state.

Geography

The state of Missouri is located along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. The total area is 180,693 km² (21st in the USA).

In the north, Missouri borders Iowa, in the east (along the Mississippi River) – with Illinois, Kentucky and Tennessee, in the south – with Arkansas, in the west – with Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska (with the first two – along the Missouri River).

The topography is largely defined by the valleys of the Mississippi River in the east and the Missouri River in the central and northwestern regions, as well as the fact that the southern half of the state is occupied by the largest limestone plateau in the United States, the Azark.

Judicial system

The Missouri judiciary consists of three levels of courts: trial courts (also known as district courts), an intermediate court of appeals (the Missouri Court of Appeals), which is divided into three regional districts, and the Missouri Supreme Court.

There are 415 judges and commissioners in the state of Missouri. 7 judges of the Supreme Court and 32 judges of the appellate instance work in three geographical districts of the intermediate appeal court. There are 142 District Judges, 202 Junior District Judges and 33 Commissioners and Deputy Commissioners working in the Courts of First Instance across the state. In 2017, $217,365,266 was spent on the maintenance of the judicial system.

Famous people

  • James Mercer Langston Hughes
  • Dale Carnegie

Saint Louis, Missouri

Saint Louis
City in the United States
Location
State Missouri
Coordinates 38°37’35″N, 90°11’58″WL
General
Surface 170 km²
– country 159 km²
– water 11 km²
Residents
(April 1, 2020)
301,578
(1885 inhabitant/km²)
– agglomeration 2,795,794 (2012)
Politics
Mayor Tishaura Jones (D)
Website stlouis-mo.gov

Saint Louis is a city in the US state of Missouri. The population of the city is 318,172 and of the agglomeration 2.8 million (2012).

History

Saint Louis was founded as a trading post in 1764 by Pierre Laclède Liguest and René-Auguste Chouteau of New Orleans and is named after Louis the Saint. Pierre Laclede Liguest chose this location because of its proximity to the major rivers Mississippi and Missouri. Most of the original inhabitants were of French descent. In 1770, St. Louis was sold to Spain. In 1780, the Battle of Saint Louis took place here at the time of the American Revolutionary War. In 1803 it became part of the United States and in 1809 the settlement officially became a city.

In the 19th century, Saint Louis developed into an important center of trade and industry. Many immigrants, mainly of Irish and German descent, moved to the city, followed later by immigrants from other countries, including Lebanon. Between 1840 and 1870, Saint-Louis grew from the 24th to the fourth largest city in the US. Washington University was founded in 1853. In 1859, Henry Shaw (1800-1889) opened the Missouri Botanical Garden, a botanical garden that would grow into a scientific institution of international repute. In 1868, Shaw donated the city’s residents to Tower Grove Park, a city park. The Metropolitan Zoological Park and Museum District formed in 1972is a cultural district, which includes five institutions/attractions in Saint Louis.

After the American Civil War, a movement arose to transfer the seat of the federal government from Washington DC to Saint-Louis. The central location in combination with the neutral attitude during the civil war would make the city particularly suitable for this. However, the federal government didn’t like it, and President Grant promised to fix Washington. In 1904, both the World’s Fair and the Olympic Games took place in Saint Louis.

Between 1939 and 1966, St. Louis Public Service Co. public transport in the city.

In 1965, the Jefferson Westward Expansion Memorial, also known as the St. Louis Arch’ or ‘ Gateway Arch ‘ ready. This stainless steel hyperbolic cosine (catena or catenary) measuring 192 m high and 192 m wide at the base is a memorial to architect and President Thomas Jefferson and a memorial to the migration to the western United States. The design is by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen, with later refinement by Saarinen, architect John Dinkeloo and engineer Fred Severud.

In 1993, the Saint Louis area was under water for 144 days. The cause was the Mississippi.

Demographics

13.7% of the population is older than 65 and 40.3% consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 6.6 % (census figures 2000).

About 2% of Saint Louis’s population are Hispanics and Latinos, 51.2% are of African origin, 43% are of European origin, and 2% of Asian origin.

The population decreased from 396,685 in 1990 to 348,189 in 2000 and 308,174 in 2019.

Climate

In January the average temperature is -2.0 °C; in July it is 25.8 °C. Annual average precipitation is 961.6 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Sights

  • Saint Louis Cathedral
  • Saint Louis Museum of Art. One of the great American museums, housed in a World’s Fair building. The museum has a wide collection, including the largest collection of paintings by Max Beckmann in the world. Max Beckmann worked for several years in St Louis after WWII.
  • Saint Louis Arch
  • Anheuser-Busch Brewery, on the site of the brewery stands nearly 200 buildings, many built in red brick in the second half of the 19th century.

Sports

Saint Louis has two sports clubs that compete in one of the top four American professional sports. It’s about:

  • St. Louis Blues (ice hockey)
  • St. Louis Cardinals (baseball)

In 1904, the third modern Summer Olympics were hosted in Saint Louis. These were the first Games to award gold, silver and bronze medals.

St. Louis is currently (2020) the “chess capital of the world”. When the American Championships were held in the city in 2009, it was such a success that a local entrepreneur started investing in the sport. Since then, leading tournaments and championships have been held in St. Louis every year.

Partner City

  • George Town (Guyana)
  • Lyon (France)

Saint Louis, Missouri