Kentucky (English: Kentucky, Commonwealth of Kentucky) is a commonwealth in the east of the United States, has the rights of a US state, and is one of the so-called states of the Southeast Center. Population 4,042,000 people (25th place among states; 2000 data). The capital is Frankfurt. The largest city is Louisville, other large cities are Lexington, Owensboro, Bowling Green, Hopkinsville.

Kentucky’s official nickname is the Bluegrass State.

Most of it is occupied by the Cumberland limestone plateau (height 250-400 m), divided by the valleys of the Cumberland, Green River, and Kentucky rivers .

Famous people

  • Rosemary Clooney

Judicial system

Kentucky’s court system is a four-tiered system that includes the Supreme Court, Courts of Appeals, Circuit Courts, and District Courts. In 2002, a constitutional amendment was passed to officially authorize the creation of family courts. The Kentucky Supreme Court is the highest court and the final interpreter of the law. It consists of seven judges elected from seven appellate circuits for eight-year terms. The Chief Justice is elected for a four-year term. The Supreme Court is also responsible for establishing rules of practice and procedure for the Court, which include the conduct of judges and lawyers.

The judiciary is funded by appropriations from the General Assembly. The budget is approximately 3 percent of the state’s general funds for each biennium. In 2018, the state judicial budget was $388,155,200.

Louisville, Kentucky

City in the United States
State Kentucky
County Jefferson County
Coordinates 38°15’22″N, 85°45’5″WL
Surface 1,030 km²
– country 985.4 km²
– water 44.6 km²
(April 1, 2020)
(250 inhabitants/km²)
Mayor Greg Fischer (D)

Louisville is the largest city in the state of Kentucky and the 66th largest city in the United States. The settlement that evolved into the City of Louisville was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark and is named after King Louis XVI of France.


Of the population, 14.6% is older than 65 and 37.9% consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 3.7 % (census figures 2000).

About 1.9% of Louisville’s population is Hispanic and Hispanic, 33% of African origin and 1.4% of Asian origin. About 63% are of indigenous and European origin.

The population increased from 256,231 in 2000 to 741,096 in 2010 and to 756,832 in 2013. This was due to a merger with neighboring Jefferson County. In 2019, the population increased to 766,757.


In January the average temperature is −0.2 °C, in July it is 25.1 °C. Annual average rainfall is 1127.5 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Traffic and transport

Louisville International Airport

Louisville International Airport is located near Louisville, home to UPS’s global hub: Worldport. Louisville had a streetcar network at 1,524 mm (5 ft).


  • The Kentucky Derby is held annually in Louisville, one of the most famous horse races in the world.
  • The World Cyclo-cross Championships took place here in 2013.
  • This city is where the fast food chain Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) was founded and its headquarters are located.

Partner cities

  • Jiujiang (China)
  • La Plata (Argentina)
  • Mainz (Germany)
  • Montpellier (France)
  • Perm (Russia)
  • Quito (Ecuador)
  • Tamale (Ghana)
  • Leeds (United Kingdom)
  • Adapazarı (Turkey)

Notable residents of Louisville

Born in Louisville (KY)

  • Tod Browning (1880-1962), film director
  • Billy Gilbert (1894-1971), actor
  • Irene Dunne (1898-1990), actress
  • Lionel Hampton (1908-2002), vibraphonist
  • Victor Mature (1913-1999), actor
  • William Conrad (1920-1994), actor, television director
  • Jimmy Raney (1927-1995), jazz guitarist
  • Paul Hornung (1935-2020), american football player
  • Mary Travers (1936–2009), singer (Peter, Paul and Mary)
  • Hunter S. Thompson (1937–2005), writer, journalist
  • Ned Beatty (1937-2021), actor
  • Joseph Byrd (1937), keyboardist and composer
  • Sue Grafton (1940-2017), writer
  • Muhammad Ali (1942-2016), boxer
  • Leo Burmester (1946-2007), actor
  • Rudy Rucker (1946), writer, computer scientist
  • Wes Unseld (1946-2020), basketball player
  • Telma Hopkins (1948), actress and singer
  • Keno Don Rosa (1951), comic book artist
  • Gus Van Sant (1952), film director, screenwriter, photographer, author and musician
  • James Horan (1954), actor
  • J. Smith-Cameron (1955), actress
  • Sean Young (1959), actress
  • Sean O’Bryan (1963), actor and film producer
  • Stephen Gaghan (1965), screenwriter and film director
  • Will Oldham (1970), singer-songwriter, actor
  • Keith Robinson (1976), actor and R&B singer
  • Andy Beshear (1977), Governor of Kentucky
  • Jennifer Carpenter (1979), actress
  • Maggie Lawson (1980), actress
  • Jess Weixler (1981), actress and screenwriter
  • Caroline Burckle (1986), swimmer
  • Rajon Rondo (1986), basketball player
  • Andrew Farrell (1992), football player
  • Bryson Tiller (1993), rapper, R&B singer
  • Jack Harlow (1998), rapper
  • Brooke Forde (1999), swimmer


  • Harland Sanders, better known as Colonel Sanders (1890-1980), founder of fast food chain KFC

Lexington, Kentucky

City in the United States
State Kentucky
Coordinates 38°1’47″N, 84°29’41″WL
Surface 739.54 km²
– country 734.62 km²
– water 4.92 km²
(439 inhabitants/km²)
Mayor Linda Gorton (R)

Lexington is a city in the American state of Kentucky and had a population of 325,813 in 2017, making it the 61st city in the United States (2015). Its surface is 736.5 km², making it the 17th largest city. Administratively, the city coincides with Fayette County.


Of the population, 10% is older than 65 and 31.7% consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 1.8 % (census figures 2000).

About 3.3% of Lexington’s population is Hispanic and Hispanic, 13.5% of African origin and 2.5% of Asian origin.

The number of inhabitants increased from 225,366 in 1990 to 260,512 in 2000. In 2015, the number of inhabitants had increased to 314,488.


In January the average temperature is -0.7 °C, in July it is 24.3 °C. Annual average rainfall is 1131.6 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

World Equestrian Games

In 2010, the World Equestrian Games, the World Equestrian Championship, took place in Lexington.

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within 17 miles of Lexington-Fayette.

Lexington Fayette

George Town (21 km)

Midway (21km)

Nicholasville (18 km)

Versailles (21 km)

Wilmore (23 km)

Winchester (27 km)

Born in Lexington

  • Mary Todd Lincoln (1818–1882), wife of United States President Abraham Lincoln and the country’s first lady between 1861 and 1865
  • John Breckinridge (1821–1875), Vice President of the United States, Senator, Attorney, Secretary, and Soldier (USA and CSA)
  • Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield (1851–1921), theologian
  • Allen Lard (1866–1946), golfer
  • Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866-1945), geneticist, embryologist and Nobel laureate (1933)
  • Michael Herr (1940-2016), writer and war correspondent
  • Jim Varney (1949–2000), actor
  • George Clooney (1961), actor
  • Melissa McBride (1965), actress
  • Josh Hopkins (1970), actor
  • Susan Sloane (1970), tennis player
  • Kevin Richardson (1971), singer and member of the Backstreet Boys
  • Dotsie Bausch (1973), cyclist and former model
  • Michael Shannon (1974), actor
  • Brian Littrell (1975), singer and member of the Backstreet Boys
  • Chris Stapleton (1978), singer-songwriter, guitarist and music producer
  • Tyson Gay (1982), sprinter
  • Farah Fath (1984), actress
  • Elaine Breeden (1988), swimmer
  • Tinashe (1993), singer-songwriter, music producer, dancer, actress and former model
  • Grace Victoria Cox (1995), actress

Lexington, Kentucky