California

California (English: California) is a state in the west of the USA. It ranks 1st in terms of population and 3rd in area (after Alaska and Texas). The state is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. It borders the states of Oregon, Nevada and Arizona, as well as Mexico in the south. The capital of the state is the city of Sacramento. Large cities — Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Santa Ana, Glendale,Modesto.

Geography

California’s geography is diverse, from the Pacific coast to the Sierra Nevada range in the east, from the Mojave Desert in the southeast to the Douglas-fir Redwood Forest in the northwest. In the middle of the state is the Central Valley, one of the most productive agricultural areas in the world. California is home to the highest (Mount Whitney) and lowest (Death Valley) places in the United States. Almost 40% of California is covered by forests — quite a lot for a relatively arid state. Yosemite National Park and Kings Canyon National Park are located on the territory. The Channel Archipelago is located off the southern coast of California. It consists of 8 islands, 5 of which are part of the marine reserve of the same name. On the Feter river Oravil dam.

History

The territory of California was inhabited in the 12th millennium BC. e. Before the arrival of the Europeans, many Indian tribes of Wintun, Yokut, Kawila, Wapa, Mono, Timbisha, Chumash, Tongwa, Serana, Paiute, Shoshone, Mohave, Chemehuevi, Poma, Kata, Hupa, Talova, Miwok, Eselen, Olani, Yurok, lived here.Yuki, Viyot, She, etc. Some researchers believe that the Chumash and Tongwa had pre-European contacts with the Polynesians.

Beginning in the late eighteenth century, the area known as Alta California was colonized by the Spanish Empire, becoming part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1821, Mexico, including Alta California, became the First Mexican Empire, first as a monarchy and then transitioning to a republic. In 1846, a group of American settlers in Sonoma declared the independence of the California Republic. As a result of the Mexican-American War, Mexico ceded California to the United States. California became the 31st state on September 9, 1850.

In the nineteenth century, the California Gold Rush produced dramatic social, economic, and demographic changes in California, with large influxes of people and economic growth. Major developments in the early 20th century included the emergence of Los Angeles as the center of the American entertainment industry, as well as the growth of a large-scale tourism sector.

Economy

In addition to California’s thriving agricultural industry, the aerospace, oil refining, and information technology sectors are important contributors to the state’s economy. If California were a separate country, it would rank among the 10 largest economies in the world, with a GDP similar to that of Italy, and would be the 35th most populous country.

Judicial system

The hierarchy of the California judicial system consists of the Supreme, Appellate, and Superior Courts. Superior courts are state courts of first instance with broad jurisdiction over criminal cases, including felonies and misdemeanors. Records of each case are kept in a register with certain details such as the criminal case number, the date the case was filed and the name of the registered party.

California has 58 superior courts, one in each county. California courts serve nearly 34 million people. The budget of the judiciary is 1.5% of the total state fund.

Memorial places

  • Blythe figures
  • Methuselah (tree)

Famous people

  • Laura Ziskin
  • Bridget Regan
  • Gloria Stewart
  • Kevin Love
  • Jennifer Aniston
  • Wills-Moody(1905-1998) – American amateur tennis player
  • Mark Hoppus

Long Beach (California)

Long Beach
City in the United States
Location
State California
County Los Angeles County
Coordinates 33°46’5.95″N, 118°11’44.23″WL
General
Surface 133.32 km²
– country 130.32 km²
– water 3 km²
Residents
(April 1, 2020)
466,742
(3582 inhabitant/km²)
Politics
Mayor Robert Garcia (D)
Website longbeach.gov

Long Beach is a medium-sized city in the US state of California in the southern part of Los Angeles County on the Pacific Ocean. The city is home to the most ethnically diverse population in the United States. Also notable is the prosperity it enjoys driven by the profitable port companies that are located there. The city is often seen as part of Los Angeles, but given its status as an independent city, Long Beach enjoys self-government.

History

Initially, the Tongva tribe lived in the area where now Long Beach, California is located. This was an Indian tribe that was expelled by the colonizer Spain during the 19th century. During the 19th century, settlers settled in the area where Long Beach is now. They founded the city of Long Beach. They made ranches that can still be seen in an open-air museum in Long Beach. Long Beach grew into a beach town in the early 20th century. During the great economic depression of the 1930s, the city was rocked by a 6.3 on the Richter scale earthquake in 1933.. 120 people did not survive the earthquake. After the Second World War, the city continued to grow. Driven by the profitable port companies, other important industries arose as a result of which the city continued to grow and became more and more prosperous.

Socio-geographical situation

Statistics

The statistics for Long Beach, California in the year 2000 are as follows: 461,522 people live there; there are 163,088 households; the city is home to some 99,646 families.

The median income in Long Beach, California in 2000 is just under $40,000 dollars, which is well above the US average.

Population groups

A striking fact is that in Long Beach, California 1% of the population consists of Japanese. They have made a good contribution to the building of the city during the last two centuries when they were still present in greater numbers. Today, partly due to admixture, the Japanese population has grown to a negligible percentage.

Other racial groups to distinguish: Whites 45.16%, Latino/Hispanic 35.77%, African American 14.87%, Asian 12.05%, Mixed Race 5.27%, and Native Americans 0.84%. So it is a striking multicultural society that makes Long Beach so colorful. For example, the city is home to the largest group of Cambodians outside Cambodia.

Culture

There are a few museums in Long Beach, namely: Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach Museum of Art Foundation, and the Museum of Latin American Art, which is the only museum in America to exhibit exclusively Latin American art. There are also a few architecturally interesting structures such as the pyramid. Of course, the skyscrapers in the city center and on the coast are not lacking.

Business economic aspects

Aerospace/aviation

There is a lot of aviation industry in Long Beach. There are also companies that produce equipment and parts for aerospace that are also located in California.

Port

The Port of Long Beach, California is the second largest port in America. It is mainly a container port. The port makes a significant contribution to the city’s employment. Many containers are transported further inland from Long Beach, California by train. Long Beach therefore has an extensive system of train connections and is very well intertwined with the rest of Western America.

Climate

The climate in Long Beach, California can be compared to a type of tropical Mediterranean climate. It is fairly cool in the summer, with temperatures between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. In winter the temperatures are between 15 and 20 degrees Celsius. Long Beach thus has a fairly constant climate throughout the year.

In January the average temperature is 13.3 °C, in July it is 22.8 °C. Annual average precipitation is 299.7 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Town twinning

  • Guadalajara (Mexico)

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within 10 miles of Long Beach.

Long Beach

Artesia (10 km)

Bellflower (10 km)

Buena Park (15 km)

Carson (10 km)

Cerritos (11 km)

Compton (12 km)

Cypress (11 km)

Downey (15 km)

East Compton (11 km)

Hawaiian Gardens (5 miles)

Lakewood (6 km)

La Palma (12 km)

Lomita (15 km)

Los Alamitos (9 km)

Lynwood (14 km)

Norwalk (13 km)

Paramount (11 km)

Rossmoor (7 km)

Seal Beach (9 km)

Signal Hill (1 km)

South Gate (16 km)

Stanton (15 km)

West Carson (13 km)

West Compton (14 km)

Born in Long Beach

  • Cornelius Warmerdam (1915–2001), pole vaulter
  • Sally Kellerman (1937-2022), actress
  • Frederick Hauck (1941), astronaut
  • Barry Le Va (1941-2021), visual artist
  • Walter Hill (1942), film director
  • Billie Jean King (1943), tennis star
  • Michelle Phillips (1944), singer and actress
  • Luann Ryon (1953), archer
  • Bo Derek (1956), actress
  • Lana Clarkson (1962-2003), actress and model
  • Joe Escalante (1963), musician
  • Nicolas Cage (1964), actor
  • Ken Block (1967), rally driver and co-founder of DC Shoes
  • Michael Stuhlbarg (1968), actor
  • Susan Williams (1969), triathlete
  • Zack de la Rocha (1970), musician
  • Julieta Venegas (1970), Mexican singer
  • Warren G (1970), rapper and music producer
  • Snoop Dogg (1971), rapper and actor
  • Brandi Andres (1973), actress
  • Dominique Arnold (1973), hurdler
  • Abe Cunningham (1973), drummer
  • Annett Davis (1973), beach volleyball player
  • Daz Dillinger (1973), rapper
  • Vanessa Blue (1974), porn actress and director
  • Tiffani Thiessen (1974), actress
  • Rusty Smith (1979), short track speed skater
  • Gigi Ibrahim (1986), Egyptian blogger and activist
  • Julia Bond (1987), porn actress
  • Jessica Hardy (1987), swimmer
  • Russell Westbrook (1988), basketball player
  • Ashley Benson (1989), actress
  • Jennette McCurdy (1992), actress and singer
  • Chloe Kim (2000), snowboarder
  • Michael Whaley (unknown), actor, film producer, film director and screenwriter

Long Beach (California)