Arizona (English: Arizona) is a state in the southwest of the USA. The state is located on the desert plateaus of the interior of the United States. It borders the states of New Mexico, Utah, Nevada and California. Goes to the state border with Mexico.

Phoenix Administrative Center. Large cities: Tucson, Mesa, Gilbert, Glendale.


On February 14, 1912, Arizona became the 48th state of the United States.

Tucson, Arizona

City in the United States
State Arizona
County Pima County
Coordinates 32°13’18″N, 110°55’35″WL
Surface 612.55 km²
– country 611.73 km²
– water 0.82 km²
(April 1, 2010)
(850 inhabitant/km²)
Mayor Regina Romero (D)

According to COUNTRYAAH, Tucson (pronunciation: /ˈtusɑn/) is a city in the southern part of the US state of Arizona. Tucson is the county seat of Pima County. The city has a population of 520,116 (2010) and the population of the agglomeration in the same year is 843,746 people. The city’s name comes from the O’odham word Cuk Şon, meaning black base, a reference to the volcanic mountains west of the city. The city is located in the hot Sonoran Desert.


An Indian settlement on the banks of the Santa Cruz River had existed on the site of the present city for at least 3,000 years. From 900 to 1300 there was a prosperous village of the Hohokam Indians. After the collapse of the Hohokam culture around 1500, the settlement continued to be inhabited by the Pima Indians. In 1692 the Jesuit Eusebio Francisco Kino founded a mission there, which he called San Cosme y Damián de Tucson. The Spaniards built a fortress there in 1776. Tucson became a Mexican city after Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821. After the Gadsden Purchasefrom 1853 the city came under American ownership. At that time, the settlement had only a few hundred inhabitants. The city’s growth began with the arrival of the railroad in 1880.


Tucson is located 217 kilometers southeast of Phoenix, the state’s largest city. At a distance of 12 miles west of the city is the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum. Also near Tucson is the Old Tucson amusement park. This former film complex, including westerns, now mainly shows how films about the Wild West were made. Old Tucson still houses the purpose-built ranch where the popular television series The High Chaparral was filmed in the 1960s. Tucson also houses Davis-Monthan Air Force Base which includes the Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group (AMARG). Countless old(er) military aircraft are parked here (mothballed) awaiting sale, reuse or disposal. In the vicinity of the city is the Saguaro National Park.


11.9 % of the population is older than 65 and 32.3 % consists of single – person households. Unemployment is 3.2 % (2000 census figures).

About 35.7% of Tucson’s population is Hispanic and Hispanic, 4.3% of African origin and 2.5% of Asian origin.

The population increased from 417,139 in 1990 to 486,699 in 2000.


In January the average temperature is 10.7 °C, in July it is 30.3 °C. Annual average rainfall is 304.8 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).

Town twinning

  • Almaty (Kazakhstan)
  • Guadalajara (Mexico)
  • Pecs (Hungary)

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within 10 miles of Tucson.


Catalina Foothills (9 km)

Drexel Alvernon (8 km)

Drexel Heights (15 km)

Flowing Wells (12 km)

Littletown (10 km)

South Tucson (3 miles)

Born in Tucson

  • Larry Pine (1945), actor
  • Linda Ronstadt (1946), singer
  • Tom Udall (1948), New Mexico Senator
  • Timothy Starks (1969), actor
  • Sharon Leal (1972), actress
  • Kyrsten Sinema (1976), Arizona Senator
  • Abe Thompson (1982), football player
  • Lacey Nymeyer (1985), swimmer
  • Kaylee DeFer (1986), actress
  • Chris Knierim (1987), figure skater
  • Will Claye (1991), athlete
  • Caitlin Leverenz (1991), swimmer
  • Dominic Janes (1994), youth actor
  • Hailey Baldwin (1996), model
  • Delaney Schnell (1998), diver

Flagstaff (Arizona)

Place in the United States
Location of Flagstaff in Arizona
Location of Arizona in the US
County Coconino County
Type of place City
State Arizona
Coordinates 35° 12′ N, 111° 38′ W
Surface 167.67 km²
– country 167.58 km²
– water 0.09 km²
(0 inhabitant/km²)
Height 2106 m
FIPS code 23620

Lowell Observatory, the observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona where Pluto was discovered in 1930

Flagstaff (Navajo: Kinłání) is a city in the US state of Arizona. It is the county seat of Coconino County.


Flagstaff Post Office, 1899

The area that is now Flagstaff was first settled by Thomas F. McMillan who settled there in 1876. Flagstaff developed rapidly in its first decade, partly due to the construction of a railroad. In 1896, the city was the largest city on the route between Albuquerque and the west coast of America.

In 1894 the astronomer Percival Lowell chose the city for the Lowell Observatory he founded and named after him. The dwarf planet Pluto was discovered here in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh. In the 1920s, Flagstaff became a popular destination for tourists following historic Route 66 from Chicago to the West Coast.


At the 2000 census, the number of inhabitants was determined at 52,894 . In 2006, the population was estimated by the United States Census Bureau to be 58,213 , up from 5,319 (10.1%). In 2016 it is estimated at 71,459.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the place covers an area of ​​164.8 km², of which 164.7 km² is land and 0.1 km² is surface water.

Flagstaff is located at an elevation of 2121 m above sea level at the foot of the ‘San Francisco’ mountain range in the southwest of the Colorado Plateau. Flagstaff is a base for many of the region’s natural parks, including the Grand Canyon.

The city has a relatively cool, desert -like climate with moderate summers and severe winters. The temperature in summer reaches around 27 °C. Flagstaff is the largest place in the Coconino National Forest.


Barringer Crater is located about 55 km east of Flagstaff. This is the most famous impact crater on Earth. The Grand Canyon is 80 miles north of Flagstaff. Flagstaff became the most popular stopover for tourists traveling on Route 66. The longest stretch of original Route 66 is near Seligman, west of Flagstaff. The Flagstaff Arboretum is located in Flagstaff.

Flagstaff was regularly featured in the TV series Sisterwives on TLC in 2019/2020, as the city where Kody Brown’s polygamous family has settled with its four wives. The family plans to build in the Coyote Pass area, where they have purchased land.

Traffic and transport

Flagstaff has an airport, the Flagstaff Pulliam Airport, and a train station for Amtrak.

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within 25 miles of Flagstaff.


Kachina Village (13 km)

Mountainaire (12 km)

Munds Park (28 km)

Parks (32 km)

Sedona (40km)


  • Andy Devine (1905-1977), actor
  • Henry Lee Giclas (1910–2007), astronomer
  • Diana Gabaldon (1952), writer
  • Daniel Eaton (1993), cyclist

Flagstaff (Arizona)