Alaska (English: Alaska) is a US state located in the northwest of North America. Has no common border with other states. The largest state by area.


The state is located on the coast of the Pacific and Arctic Oceans. It is separated from Russia by the Bering Strait. It is separated from the main part of the USA by the territory of Canada. In addition to the mainland, it includes the Aleutian Islands, the Alexander Archipelago, etc.

On the territory of the state there is the highest mountain of North America – McKinley (6,194 m) and the Pavlova volcano. Denali National Park.

The capital of the state is the city of Juneau. The largest city is Anchorage. Other settlements: Sitka, Kodiak, Nikolaevsk.


According to many scientists, the ancestors of modern Alaskan natives (Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts) come from Northeast Asia. In the 17th century, Eskimos lived mainly in coastal areas, Aleuts – on the peninsula, Indians – on the southeastern coast (Tlingit and Haida) and in the interior of Alaska (Athabaski).

Anchorage (Alaska)

City in the United States
State Alaska
Time zone UTC−9
daylight saving time UTC−8
Coordinates 61°13’0″N, 149°53’37″WL
Surface 5,041.89 km²
– country 4,420.81 km²
– water 621.08 km²
(April 1, 2020)
(66 inhabitants/km²)
Mayor Dave Bronson (R)
Anchorage view

According to COUNTRYAAH, Anchorage (English for “anchor place”) is a city and borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. The city has about 290,000 inhabitants. Anchorage is by far the largest city in Alaska in terms of area and population. However, it is not the capital of Alaska, that is Juneau.

Anchorage was founded in 1915 as the headquarters of the Alaska Railroad. In 1964, a major earthquake devastated the city. In 2015, the city is part of a large industrial area. The city is also an important American defense center.

Anchorage marks the start of the annual Iditarod.

Anchorage is accessible via Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport (ANC).

North of the city is the sprawling army base Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson (JBER), which was created by the merger of the air force base Elmendorf Air Force Base and the army base Fort Richardson.


Due to its location by the sea, the climate in Anchorage is much milder than the interior of Alaska. The average annual temperature corresponds to the Swedish capital Stockholm.

Weather Averages for Anchorage (Alaska)
Month Jan Feb Mar April May jun july aug sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average maximum (°C) 6 −3 0 6 13 16 19 17 13 5 −3 6 6
Average minimum (°C) −14 −12 −8 −2 4 8 11 10 5 −2 −10 −13 −1.9
Source: Climate info, consulted on December 4, 2016


In the 1950s, oil was discovered in the Cook Inlet area. The oil industry boomed, and since the natural gas discoveries of 1968, the city’s population has quadrupled.

City Link

  • Incheon (South Korea)

Nearby places

The figure below shows nearby places within 25 miles of Anchorage.


Big Lake (39 km)

Hope (31 km)

Knik Fairview (38 km)

Point MacKenzie (22 km)

Sunrise (39 km)


  • Kristen Thorsness (1960), rower
  • Mark Begich (1962), politician; senator for Alaska from 2009 to 2015
  • Rosey Fletcher (1975), snowboard star
  • Annie Parisse (1975), actress
  • Jessica Jaymes (1979–2019), porn actress
  • Ryan Stassel (1992), snowboarder
  • Lydia Jacoby (2004), swimmer

Juneau (Alaska)

Place in the United States
Location of Juneau in Alaska
Location of Alaska in the US
Borough Juneau City and Borough
Type of place City
State Alaska
Coordinates 58° 21′ N, 134° 31′ W
Surface 8,427.63 km²
– country 6,998.17 km²
– water 1,429.46 km²
(5 inhabitants/km²)
Height 17 m
Mayor Beth Weldon
ZIP code(s) 99801-99803, 99811-99812, 99824, 99821

Juneau is the capital of the US state of Alaska, located in the narrow strip of land (Alaska Panhandle) between the Canadian province of British Columbia and the Pacific Ocean. The city has a population of 32,118 (2018) and is named after Joe Juneau, who found gold there in 1880. Juneau was elected capital of Alaska in 1906.

Fairbanks, Alaska

Place in the United States
Location of Fairbanks in Alaska
Location of Alaska in the US
Borough Fairbanks North Star
Type of place City
State Alaska
Coordinates 64° 50′ N, 147° 43′ W
Surface 82.5 km²
– country 80.4 km²
– water 2.1 km²
Height 136 m
ZIP code(s) 99701, 99702, 99705, 99706, 99707, 99708, 99709, 99710, 99711, 99712, 99714, 99716, 99767, 99775-(UAF), 99790

Downtown Fairbanks

Fairbanks is a city in the US state of Alaska and also the capital of the district (Borough) of Fairbanks North Star. It lies on both banks of the Chena River, barely 190 km south of the Arctic Circle. The Chena River is a tributary of the Tanana River, which in turn is a tributary of the Yukon. In 2004, 29,954 people lived there. Fairbanks is a city in the middle of the wilderness. Founded in 1901, it was initially only accessible by boat along the Chena River.

The city is located on a railway, which connects the city with Anchorage, among others. There is also an international airport, Fairbanks International Airport, west of the city. On the east side is the army camp Fort Wainwright with the military airfield Ladd Army Airfield on it. From here, more than 7,900 US military aircraft were flown to the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease program during World War II.

Fairbanks is home to the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the main campus of the University of Alaska System.

Nearby places


College (5 km)

Esther (12 km)

Fox (14 km)

Moose Creek (30km)

North Pole (20 km)

Two Rivers (30 km)


  • Anna Kathryn Holbrook (1956), actress
  • Kevin Johansen (1964), American-Argentine singer
  • David A. Gregory (1985), actor
  • Alexander Hall (1995), freestyle skier

Fairbanks, Alaska