Alabama (English: Alabama) is a state in the group of states of the Southeast Center. The area is 133.9 thousand km². Population 4.4 million people (2000). The administrative center is the city of Montgomery. It has a state charter since 1819. The official nickname is “Heart of the South”.
Historically, the territory of the state was inhabited by the Chuck, Creek (Muscogee) and other peoples from among the “Five Civilized Tribes of Oklahoma”. Hernando de Soto surveyed these lands in 1540, and the French led by de Bienville founded the first permanent European settlement in the area of the modern city of Mobile in 1702. France ceded the region to Great Britain in 1763, and Great Britain, in turn, was forced to hand it over to the United States in 1813, but Spain held Mobile until 1813. The defeat of the Creeks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend led to an influx of white settlers who made plantation slavery the mainstay of the economy. Montgomery was the first capital of the Confederacy. The state suffered seriously during the Civil War. Industrial development began by the end of the 19th century, but monoculture (cotton) led to a large-scale depression in agriculture, intensified in 1915 by the invasion of cotton weevils. Changes in the economy in the 1930s. led to the development of energy and ferrous metallurgy. In the 1950s and 1960s, despite serious racial problems, the state was fully industrialized.
- 1990— 4040600
- 2,000— 4,447,100
(26% of the black population)
- Harper Lee
- Joe Louis
- Rosa Parks
- WK Handy(1873-1958) was an American blues composer, songwriter, trumpeter, cornetist, and arranger.
|City in the United States|
|– country||402.3 km²|
|– water||2.2 km²|
|Mayor||Steven Reed (D)|
According to COUNTRYAAH, Montgomery is the capital of the US state of Alabama on the Alabama River, which becomes navigable from here. In 2020, the city had 200,603 inhabitants.
There is an agricultural market for cotton, dairy products and livestock trading. The investment bank Lehman Brothers was founded here as a grocery store and grew into a worldwide empire.
The city has been the capital of Alabama since 1846. It became the first capital of the Confederate States of America in 1861. In 1955 Montgomery became world news through the actions of Rosa Parks and in 1965 again through the Blacks’ Freedom March from Selma to Montgomery led by Dr. Martin Luther King.
11.8% of the population is older than 65 and 30.1% consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 3.8 % (census figures 2000).
About 1.2% of Montgomery’s population is Hispanic and Hispanic, 49.6% of African origin and 1.1% of Asian origin.
The population increased from 190,831 in 1990 to 201,568 in 2000 and decreased to 200,603 in 2020.
In October 2019, the city got its first black mayor, Steven Reed. His election was considered a historic victory and a hopeful development for a city ravaged by poverty and violence.
In January the average temperature is 7.8°C, in July it is 27.4°C. Annual average rainfall is 1357.1 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).
Blue Ridge (16 km)
Coosada (17 km)
Elmore (20 km)
Millbrook (17 km)
Pike Road (17 km)
Prattville (19 km)
Wetumpka (21 km)
Notable residents of Montgomery
- Johnnie Carr (1911-2008), civil rights activist
- Nat King Cole (1919-1965), jazz singer, pianist and songwriter
- Eddie Floyd (1935), soul/R&B singer, producer and songwriter
- Melvin Franklin (1942-1995), lead singer of The Temptations
- Michael O’Neill (1951), actor
- Kathryn Thornton (1952), astronaut
- Jett Williams (1953), country singer and songwriter
- Yolanda King (1955-2007), activist and actress
- Alonzo Babers (1961), sprinter
- Octavia Spencer (1970), actress
- Johnny Simmons (1986), actor
- JaMychal Green (1990), basketball player
Resident (or have been)
- Rosa Parks (1913-2005), civil rights activist
|City in the United States|
|County||Madison County and Limestone County|
|– country||555.2 km²|
|– water||3.53 km²|
Huntsville is a city in the American state of Alabama with a population of 215,006. It is the 127th city in the United States (2000) and in 2020 the largest city in the state of Alabama. Its surface is 450.5 km², making it the 33rd city.
13.4% of the population is older than 65 and 32.3% consists of single -person households. Unemployment is 2.9 % (census figures 2000).
About 2% of Huntsville’s population are Hispanics and Hispanics, 30.2% are of African origin and 2.2% of Asian origin.
The population decreased from 160,372 in 1990 to 158,216 in 2000.
In January the average temperature is 3.8 °C, in July it is 26.1 °C. There is an average annual rainfall of 1452.4 mm (data based on the measurement period 1961-1990).
The Huntsville metropolitan area (which also includes cities like Madison, Decatur, Athens) is home to many aerospace companies and military missile manufacturers, thanks to strong lobbying by the Alabama state government. The city has therefore been nicknamed Rocket City (missile city). Among others, United Launch Alliance has a rocket factory there, and Blue Origin will produce its rocket engines in a new factory to be built. NASA’s George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is also located in Huntsville.
Established (or have been)
Northrop Grumman had a site in Huntsville where, among other things, the Viper Strike missile was developed. The location and the missile have since been taken over by MBDA USA.
- Tallulah Bankhead (1902-1986), actress
- Reg E. Cathey (1958-2018), actor
- Michael E. Brown (1965), professor of planetary astronomy
- Jimmy Wales (1966), founder of Wikipedia
- Gerald McCullouch (1967), actor, film director, film producer and writer.
- Mark Lenzi (1968-2012), diver
- Felicia Day (1979), actress, singer and producer
- Margaret Hoelzer (1983), swimmer
- Debby Ryan (1993), actress and singer